Improving the quality of TVET in Africa: The Power of Public-Private Partnerships

17 Apr 2024
Aspyee Admin
Improving the quality of TVET in Africa: The Power of Public-Private Partnerships
Improving the quality of TVET in Africa: The Power of Public-Private Partnerships


In the vibrant educational landscape of Africa, “Improving the Quality of TVET in Africa: The Power of Public-Private Partnerships” presents a crucial exploration of enhancing vocational training. Highlighting the need for private sector involvement, it showcases how their innovation can revolutionize TVET. The article explores successful collaborations, offering insights and best practices from public and private entities. Concluding with a practical roadmap for implementation across African nations, it calls for unified action among policymakers, industry experts, and private sector stakeholders. This discourse is a rallying cry for transformative partnerships, promising a skilled future for Africa’s youth through joint efforts.

The Imperative for Private Sector Involvement in TVET

The significance of the private sector’s investment in TVET is monumental, a catalyst for economic growth and a harbinger of job creation. With an astute understanding of market exigencies, the private sector is uniquely poised to sculpt TVET programmes that align seamlessly with contemporary industrial requisites, ensuring graduates emerge not just educated, but employable.
Foremost, the private sector’s foray into TVET addresses the glaring dissonance between academic achievements and employment prerequisites. This strategic involvement enables the cultivation of a labour force that is not just academically proficient but industry-ready, mitigating the need for extensive retraining. This investment transcends altruism, morphing into a strategic endeavour that fosters a robust, skilled workforce, which in turn, feeds back into the prosperity of the private sector.
Additionally, the private sector’s participation in TVET infuses the educational milieu with a pragmatic dimension that is otherwise elusive. Through real-world experiences, internships, and on-site training opportunities, generously proffered by the private sector, students gain an invaluable apprenticeship in the realities of their chosen fields. This not only elevates the relevance of their training but also deftly bridges the oft-lamented gap between theoretical academia and practical application, crafting a generation of professionals who are not just knowledgeable but adept and industry-ready.

Collaborative Ventures and Best Practices

PPPs in TVET offer a rich array of collaborative models, particularly beneficial for Africa. Businesses directly investing in TVET, exemplified by companies like Festo and Hitachi, contribute cutting-edge resources and expertise, keeping training programs aligned with current industry standards.

The H2O Maghreb project, a collaboration between UNIDO and Festo Didactic, was initiated in 2017 to address Morocco’s acute water management challenges1. This innovative training program, established in Rabat, combined theoretical and practical learning, using advanced tools like virtual reality and the Environmental Discovery System. It focused on equipping participants with multidisciplinary skills in water and wastewater management. Notably, the project achieved significant success in female participation and employment outcomes, with a high percentage of trainees receiving job offers before training completion, showcasing the effectiveness of PPP in skill development and gender equality promotion in the water sector.

Collaborative curriculum development and the formation of industry advisory boards are also key, ensuring curricula meet market needs and facilitating continuous industry-education sector dialogue. The Hitachi and UNIDO project in Zambia focused on developing skilled operators in the construction and mining sectors2. This initiative involves technical assistance from Hitachi Construction Machinery, including curriculum development, equipment provision, and instructor training. Aimed at enhancing vocational training and addressing industry-specific skills gaps, the project reflects best practices in PPPs by aligning with the country’s industrial needs and contributing to youth employment. This collaborative effort demonstrates a strategic approach to skill development.

A Roadmap for Implementation across African Nations

For a successful implementation of PPPs, a structured and strategic roadmap is essential. Governments must establish clear policies that encourage private sector investment in TVET. This could include tax incentives, public recognition, and support for companies investing in TVET. Additionally, legal frameworks should be established to facilitate and regulate PPPs, ensuring transparency and mutual benefit3. With the shared willingness of both parties, initiating a PPP can be a straightforward and cost-effective process, involving the identification of collaboration scope and mutual benefits. ILO suggested a good practices, replication steps and way forward as follows:
Establish a clear partnership agreement outlining roles, responsibilities, and resource sharing between TVET institutes and industry partners.

Define budgetary aspects, including cost-sharing between institutes and enterprises, covering materials, maintenance, utilities, and depreciation.

Leverage PPP benefits by promoting inclusivity, targeting underprivileged groups, sharing resources, and offering pedagogical training.

Educate potential industry partners about the advantages, such as access to expertise, equipment, and skilled students for industry-specific skills development.

Furthermore, African countries should establish a robust monitoring and evaluation to assess the effectiveness of PPPs in TVET. Regular assessments can help in fine-tuning programs, addressing challenges, and ensuring that the outcomes align with the set objectives4.


In conclusion, public-private partnerships hold the key to unlocking the full potential of TVET in Africa. Through deliberate investments, cooperative initiatives, and a common vision, these partnerships have the potential to reshape the educational landscape, empowering youth with the skills essential for the modern job market. The roadmap offers a comprehensive blueprint for African nations to harness the potential of PPPs in overhauling TVET, thereby fostering economic growth and stability in the continent.